Diabetes Complications 101


Learning to identify in yourself and others can save a life. Sometimes diabetes goes unseen, and until there’s a complication, the person doesn’t know he or she has diabetes.

If an observant companion can see some symptoms before the hit, it may give the diabetic an edge on treatment.

It’s also a good idea to learn some of the signs and symptoms of complications and how to stave them off in yourself.

Here are some tips to help you prevent and identify diabetes complications.


There are some specific actions you can take to help avoid and keep them from developing.

Don’t smoke

Smoking is one of the worst things a diabetic can do. First of all, smoking constricts blood vessels, further complicating the compromised circulation that comes with diabetes anyway.

Secondly, smoking increases the diabetics risk of cardiovascular disease and even vision problems. So a good step toward staving off these complications is to stop smoking (or don’t start!).

1. Take your medication regularly

To help your body stay on an even keel, it’s a good idea to take your prescribed medication as directed. Don’t self-medicate. If you want to change medications or try something different, make sure you do so under the care of a professional.

2. Regular check-ups

Getting regular physicals is important, but so are check-ups specifically for your diabetes. Your vision, in particular, should be monitored to prevent vision complications such as glaucoma later on.

3. Maintain a healthy weight

Eating a healthy, diabetic-specific diet and getting enough regular exercise is key to maintaining a healthy weight. You don’t want to crash-diet, but getting on track with the right foods and activity level is a good place to start.


Identifying early can help, whether it’s an urgent, short-term complication or a long-term one. Here are some tips.

Sources say that the body parts most affected by diabetes are:

* Eyes
* Kidneys
* Nerves
* Heart and blood vessels
* Gums
* Feet

What Are

Watching for abnormalities in these areas of the body is the first step toward recognising any in that area.

1. Neuropathy

Burning, tingling sensations in the hands and feet, sharp night-time pain, and difficulty walking are signs of diabetic neuropathy (nerve damage). Swollen, red feet are also a sign of serious nerve complications.

2. Vision problems

If you have blurry vision, sudden losses of vision, what seems like flashing light or grey, drifting films across your eyes, it could be a sign of diabetic vision complications. Pain and pressure in the eye are also symptoms.

3. Kidney complications

Diabetics are prone to kidney problems. Signs of kidney complications include fatigue, poor concentration, painful urination, and/or oedema (puffy swelling) in the abdomen, around the eyes, or in the ankles and feet.

4. High and low blood sugar

Symptoms of very low blood sugar may include nausea, extreme fatigue, confusion, emotional imbalance, and ravenous hunger.

High blood sugar may cause excessive thirst, headache, and increased, frequent urination. High and low blood sugar need to be addressed immediately.

Diabetes is one of the most prevalent diseases in the world. While it may not be as feared as cancer, rest assured that diabetes is just as nasty.

It is one of those silent killers. People with diabetes often ignore it because it doesn’t have hard-hitting symptoms that are easily seen or felt.

No. Diabetes just sits quietly in the background slowly wreaking havoc in the body’s system and when the symptoms such as vision loss, nerve damage, seizures, heart attacks, strokes, etc. start popping up, it may be too late.


Here are some facts that anyone with diabetes will benefit from knowing. This is a disease that should not be taken lightly or ignored or the price to pay will be hefty in the future. Take all necessary precautions so that the healthy you of the future will thank the careful you of the present.

  • Diabetes can affect anyone regardless of age, sex, gender, race or nationality.
  • It is a result of insufficient insulin production in the body or a lack of cellular response to glucose in the body.
  • Over 345 million people worldwide have diabetes and it is reaching epidemic proportions due to an unhealthy diet and sedentary lifestyle
  • It is expected to be the 7th leading cause of death in a matter of time.
  • Type 2 diabetes is much more common than type 1 diabetes and it is much easier to control with a proper diet and exercise regimen.
  • Pregnant women may develop gestational diabetes due to the higher levels of glucose during the first trimester. Usually, this will go away after childbirth
  • Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. The cause is insufficient production of insulin by the body. People with type 1 diabetes will have to take insulin for the rest of their lives. While a healthy diet and exercise will be beneficial, they will always need insulin injections.
  • Diabetes can be conquered and controlled with a proper diet and by being watchful over your health. Regular checkups and monitoring your blood sugar levels are crucial in keeping diabetes in check.
  • People with diabetes can live a normal life. Life does not come to a standstill just because you have diabetes. Millions of people live to a ripe old age despite having diabetes. You just need to be careful with what you eat.
  • Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure, blindness, and amputations.
  • Type 2 diabetes can be prevented with 30 minutes of exercise daily and a healthy eating plan. Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented.

These are just some of the facts related to diabetes. However, facts while informational can only go so far. If you have diabetes, you must accept your condition and realize that you are in charge of your body.

What you eat today, you wear on your body tomorrow. If you eat junk food, your body will suffer.

If you have diabetes, you are directly helping the enemy. It survives on blood sugar fluctuations and poor diet choices. Millions try and ignore the problem hoping it goes away. It won’t. It will just get worse. A stitch in time saves nine. A good diabetes test kit is worth it’s weight in gold. Gain control of your diabetes early and you will be just fine.